February Safety Tip: Personal Protective Equipment Basics

Agricultural work is one of the most dangerous industries in the country; the risk of employee fatality is nearly double that of the average worker. Because of this, the proper use and care of personal protective equipment (PPE) is crucial to your health and safety. PPE is used when there is some type of hazard that has been identified and cannot be eliminated or controlled through other means. Simply stated, when we have personal protective equipment requirements, it means there is a hazard that may cause you injury and failing to use the prescribed equipment puts you in potential danger. 

Personal protective equipment is NOT the first line of defense against identified hazards at our workplace. We make every attempt to engineer solutions to prevent injuries so PPE isn’t necessary. When we can’t fully eliminate or control the hazard, then we provide PPE for your safety.
 
Required Protection Areas
The company assesses all the work areas to find the hazards that are present, or might be present at some time, and then makes protective equipment decisions based on those assessments. This is an ongoing process to make sure we are always current and aware of the hazards of our work environment. Supervisors will keep you informed of the type of PPE for your work area or the specific jobs you perform. If you notice a hazard that could potentially require PPE to maintain your safety, don’t hesitate to talk to your supervisor. 

Properly Using PPE
No PPE will do you any good unless it is sized correctly and fitting properly. This may sound elementary, but everything from gloves to shoes to glasses to goggles must fit the right way in order for it to properly protect you. This is why you need to take some time to make sure all of your PPE is the correct size. If some equipment doesn’t fit in the right way, wearing it is not doing you any good at all.

PPE is effective when it is used as designed. For instance, not all gloves protect against all hazards; leather gloves provide good protection against cuts and slivers but do nothing for chemical safety. Safety glasses protect your eyes but not the rest of your face. For each type of PPE, it is important to know what it will guard against, and what it won’t.

Care and Maintenance
PPE that is not properly maintained will not last long and will not protect you. In fact, poorly maintained equipment can be a greater hazard; glasses that are dirty create visibility problems, chemical gloves with pin holes will allow chemicals to touch your skin and shoes held together by tape won’t protect your feet and will create trip hazards. Before each use, inspect equipment for potential problems, and never use damaged PPE. Contact your supervisor and only proceed with the task when you are equipped with properly maintained PPE. When you are done using the gear, clean it up so it is ready for the next use.

Hand Protection
Hand protection is one of the most important components of PPE in the agricultural industry due to the presence of amputation hazards and harmful materials. The one thing to remember with gloves is there is no one glove that provides protection for every type of hazard. Knowing both the hazard you are guarding against and the type of protection required ensures you will properly protect your hands in all circumstances. Most gloves are designed for a specific hazard or task. 

Gloves used for chemical protection or liquid protection are not good for general tasks or with every type of chemical or liquid. Just because a glove is right for one type of chemical doesn’t mean it provides adequate protection for every chemical. It is important to match the right glove to the materials you are working with.
General work gloves, such as leather gloves, are good for protection against cuts, slivers and blisters but won’t protect against electrical shock or chemical exposure. Leather gloves are also appropriate when handling rough work or material.

Cut-resistant gloves are designed to improve the employee’s grip when holding oily metal parts and to protect hands against metal burrs or other cut hazards. They won’t provide protection against corrosive chemicals.
Depending on your job, you may need more than one pair of gloves to guard against different types of hazards. Your supervisor will help you with all your glove selections.
 
Eye and Face Protection
Safety glasses must have side shields that are mounted to the frame. The glasses themselves should be adjusted so they fit properly around your ears and on your nose so they don’t slide down while you are working. Face shields provide protection for the whole face, where glasses only protect the eyes. They have adjustment ratchets on the headband that must be adjusted to the individual user’s head. Goggles provide good protection for eyes against dusts and mists. They should be adjusted properly so they fit snug on your face and there are no gaps between the goggle and your face. Vented goggles help to prevent goggles from fogging up in warm conditions. 
Head and Body Protection
Head protection is required in areas that have the danger of impact, falling or flying objects and electrical shock or burn. In some instances, full-body protection is necessary to protect you against all harmful agents. When this type of PPE is required, it must be worn whenever you are in designated areas—even for short periods of time.  
 
Foot Protection
When steel-toed safety shoes are required, make sure they are used in designated areas. When purchasing steel-toed safety shoes, make sure there is a tag indicating that the shoe is built in accordance with the ANSI Z41 standard. That ensures the shoe is built up to commercial-grade standards and the metal toe will not collapse if struck. 

Information provide by CHS